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Tuesday, August 23, 2011

First Women Electric Train Driver

First Indian Australian Female Electric Train Driver in Australia Mandhir Rajput.She was fascinated with trains during her childhood and desired to drive one in her lifetime. In 2005 Manndhir Rajput become the first Indian Australian woman to become an engine driver with the New South Wales Rail Corporation, Australia. Originally from Jalandhar, she immigrated to Australia after getting married to Sukhwinder Singh Rajput.

Exactly after 100 years since Suzanne RD Tata became the first Indian woman to drive a car in 1905. Manndhir Kaur Rajput has registered her name in the history books in September 2005, when she become the First Indian born Australian to drive Electric Train in Rail Corporation New South Wales Australia.

Manndhir Kaur Rajput had never imagined that she would be a train driver before she migrated to Australia as an IT consultant.Ms Rajput was called on by the then Speaker of NSW Parliament H’ble John Aquilina where She was greeted by him with Official Certificate for my achievement.

After going through a rigorous training at Rail Training College Petersham (Sydney) Australia, she received her graduation certificate from Minister of Transport and Deputy Premier Mr. John Watkins and CEO of Railcorp Mr. Vince Graham.

Ms Rajput have two Bachelors degrees in Medical and Education, Masters in English, Honor’s in System Management and have done couple of courses in Web Production and Management. Professionally I started her journey from IT Consultant to IT Teacher and finally as Train Driver.

Alu Masala Fingers

Barbecue Brawl

Tips when cooking with Chicken for low fat

  • Choose breast meat. This is the leanest part of the bird and has less than half the fat of, for example, thigh meat. Because of its low fat content, it's the only meat I ever serve Frank, and it's the only meat he ever asks for in restaurants.
  • Remove the skin.  Forty percent of the fat in poultry is attached to the skin and therefore can be easily removed. This is in contrast with other meats, where the fat is dispersed throughout the meat and not so easily removed.  One point, though.  If you're broiling or baking or grilling chicken, leave the skin on until you're finished cooking; otherwise the meat will lose too much moisture and become tough.  I've watched tests done at the Perdue Tenderness Laboratory in which they measured the tenderness of breast meat roasted with the skin and without the skin. The meat cooked with the skin retained its moisture and was startlingly more tender than the meat cooked without the skin.
  • Roast, broil, poach, or grill chicken instead of frying it.
  • Substitute low fat dairy products in recipes.  Use yoghurt or light sour cream instead of sour cream, and non-fat milk instead of regular milk. To be honest, the taste isn't as rich, but if you're watching calories and cholesterol, these substitutions make a substantial difference. For example, plain low fat yoghurt is  122 calories per cup and light sour cream about 360 calories, while the same amount of regular sour cream is 440 to 454 calories. Non-fat milk is 80 to 90 calories per 8-ounce glass, while whole milk is 150 to 160 calories. 
  • Replace oil or fat in marinades with fresh lemon or lime juice, or with wine or vinegar.
  • Broil with wine instead of butter.
  • Take advantage of non-caloric pan sprays.
  • If you're really counting every single calorie, you may want to choose Cornish hens rather than the older broilers and roasters.  Cornish hens and broilers are young birds and they bear the same relationship to the older roasters that veal does to beef: the younger the animal, the lower the fat content. For comparison, the white meat of a Cornish is 35 calories per ounce of cooked meat; the white meat of a broiler is 45 calories per cooked ounce.

Monday, August 22, 2011

Savitri Devi

Savitri Devi Mukherji (September 30, 1905 — October 22, 1982) was the pseudonym of the Greek writer Maximiani Portas.

She was a pioneering animal-rights activist and proponent of Hinduism and Nazism, synthesizing the two, proclaiming Adolf Hitler to have been sent by Providence, much like an Avatar of the Hindu god Vishnu. Her writings have influenced neo-Nazism and Nazi mysticism. Although mystical in her conception of Nazism, Savitri Devi saw Nazism as a practical faith that did not need metaphysics. Among Savitri Devi's ideas was the classifications of "men above time", "men in time" and "men against time". She is credited with pioneering neo-Nazi interest in occultism, Deep Ecology, and the New Age movement. She influenced the Chilean diplomat Miguel Serrano. In 1982, Franco Freda published a German translation of her work Gold in the Furnace, and the fourth volume of his annual review, Risguardo (1980-), was devoted to Savitri Devi as the "missionary of Aryan Paganism".

Her works, in conjunction with those of Julius Evola, have been major influences on activist Bill White. Far-rightist Italian and self-described "Nazi Maoist" Claudio Mutti was influenced by reading her work Pilgrimage as an idealistic teenager. As a young bodyguard for Colin Jordan, David Myatt enthusiastically embraced the values expressed in her work The Lightning and the Sun. In the U.S., National Socialist James Mason (whose Universal Order bears a strong resemblance to the sentiments of Savitri Devi) paid tribute to her in his work, Siege. Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme of the Charles Manson group has endorsed The Lightning and the Sun. Revilo P. Oliver wrote that he saw the potentiality of a future religion venerating Adolf Hitler "in the works of a highly intelligent and learned lady of Greek ancestry, Dr. Savitri Devi."

She was also one of the founding members of the World Union of National Socialists.

Dosakaya Barada Kura


Interview Tips

Preparation and confidence are very important tips. Before attending an interview we need to be well prepared, you must prepare yourself practically for the interview and gather information which is useful during the interview. Preparations means not only preparation of your syllabus etc. but also look at the company’s website and learn something about the company before you attend your interview. People say that luck is what happens when preparation meets opportunity. The interview is your opportunity.    

Points to remember during interview. 

  • Good smile always please people. Smile is one of the things which may matter in your impression during interview.
  • Do not forget for firm handshake.
  • Eye contact without glaring shows your confidence.
  • Be ready to briefly describe your experience, showing how it relates it to the job.
  • During interview time do not talk too much.
  • Don't interrupt to interviewer when he/she is talking.
  • Always remember that communication is two-way.
  • Avoid sounding as though you assume the job is yours.
  • It is fine to ask about the package on offer and accommodation.
  • It is important to listen to the question asked and answer that question.
  • At some point during your interview, you'll be asked whether you have any questions. Asking questions demonstrate your level of interest in the job, so be prepared with questions to ask, and get some down during the interview. Your ability to ask straightforward, insightful questions lets the interviewer understand your perspective and concerns, as well as your judgment and analytical ability.
  • you need to learn how to close your interview to win the job.
  • Be ready to support past career accomplishments with specific information targeted towards the company needs, have your facts ready.
  • Avoid negative comments about past employers.
  • Evaluate/Review your interview's strengths/weaknesses immediately after the interview.Be cooperative and enthusias.
Checklist before attending an interview.
  • When you are called for an interview you have to confirm about the date, time, and location of the interview.
  • Be on time, you have to plan to be earlier than half an hour before the interview schedule time. And if you are going to be late, then best option is call them.
  • You have to wear professional dress. Get your hair cut and styled, No gum, cigarette smell, heavy scents.
  • Concentrate on the interview at the interview.
  • On arrival ensure that receptionist knows you are present.
  • Your interview letter must be with you.
  • If you are asked to bring certificates, references etc, get them ready before the day of interview.
  • Always keep in mind that you never get a second chance to make a first impression.
  • Collect sample questions on job interview.
  • You can sign up to do a mock interview with a career counselor.
  • Get a good night's sleep before your interview so you'll be as psychologically physically and emotionally ready for interview as possible.
  • Carry additional resumes for distribution to department heads, search committees, and others you may meet who have not seen your resume.
  • Employers typically require references. Get permission before using anyone as a reference. Make sure that they will give you a good reference. Try to avoid using relatives as reference.
  • If you have to do a formal presentation, be well prepared.
  • PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE, In front of a mirror or with an audience of friends or colleagues.

Friday, August 19, 2011

First Indian woman to be arrested & First Indian woman to win the Ramon Magsaysay award

Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay (April 3, 1903 – October 29, 1988) was a Gandhian, a social reformer, a freedom fighter, and most remembered for her contribution to Indian independence movement, for being the driving force behind the renaissance of Indian handicrafts, handlooms, and theatre in post-Independence India, and for upliftment of the socio-economic standard of Indian women by pioneering the co-operative movement in India.

Numerous cultural institutions in India today are a gift of her vision, starting with National School of Drama, Sangeet Natak Akademi, Central Cottage Industries Emporium, and The Crafts Council of India, to name a few.The doyen of Indian arts and crafts, a person single-handedly responsible for reviving Indian crafts back from oblivion of 200 years of foreign rule where they went without any patronage, be it government or public, due lack of awareness of its richness as well as its accessibility to the common man.

She stressed the significance which handicrafts and cooperative grassroot movements, play in the social and economic upliftement of the Indian people. To this end she withstood great opposition both before and after independence from the power centres, but managed to leave behind a rich and formidable legacy of thriving Indian handicrafts, theatre forms and arts that have now become an integral of our rural economy, across the nation.

Born on 3 April 1903, Kamaladevi was the fourth and youngest daughter of a Saraswat Brahmin couple in Mangalore. Her father, Ananthaya Dhareshwar was the District Collector of Mangalore, and her mother Girijabai, from whom she inherited an independent streak, belonged to an aristocratic family from Karnataka. Kamaladevi's grandmother was herself, a scholar of ancient Indian texts, and her a mother was also well-educated though mostly home-educated. Together their presence in the household, gave Kamaladevi a firm grounding and provided benchmarks to respect for her intellect as well as her voice, something that she came to known for in the coming years, when she stood as the voice of the downtrodden as well as the unheard.

Kamaladevi was an exceptional student and also exhibited qualities of determination and courage from an early age. Her parents’ befriended many prominent freedom fighters and intellectuals such as Mahadev Govind Ranade, Gopal Krishna Gokhale, and women leaders like Ramabai Ranade, and Annie Besant, this made young Kamaladevi an early enthusiast of the swadeshi nationalist movement.She studied about ancient Sanskrit drama tradition of Kerala- Kutiyattam, from its greatest Guru and authority of Abhinaya, Nātyāchārya Padma Shri Māni Mādhava Chākyār by staying at Guru's home at Killikkurussimangalam.

Tragedy struck early in life, when her elder sister, Saguna, whom she considered a role model, died in her teens, soon after her early marriage, and when she was just seven years old her father died as well. To add to her mother, Girijabai's trouble, he died without leaving a will for his she is too beautifulvast property, so according to property laws of the times, the entire property went to her stepson, and they only got a monthly allowance. Girijabai defiantly refused the allowance and decided to raise her daughters on her dowry property.Her rebellious streak was visible even as a child, when young Kamaladevi questioned the aristocratic division of her mother’s household, and preferred to mingle with her servants and their children wanting to understand their life as well.

In 1917, when was only fourteen years of age, she was married to Krishna Rao, and within two years she was widowed, while she was still at school. According to orthodox Hindu rules of the times, being a widow she was not allowed to continue her education, yet she defiantly moved to Chennai, and continued her education from St. Mary's School, Chennai and finally completed her high school in 1918.Meanwhile studying at Queen Mary’s College in Chennai, she came to know with Suhasini Chattopadhyay, a fellow student and the younger sister of Sarojini Naidu, who later introduced Kamaladevi to their talented brother, Harin, by then a well-known poet-playwright-actor. It was their mutual interest in the arts, which brought them together.

Finally when she was twenty years old, Kamaladevi married Harindranath Chattopadhyay, much to the opposition of the orthodox society of the times, which was still heavily against widow marriage. Their only son Ramu was born in the following year. Harin and Kamaladevi stayed together to pursue common dreams, which wouldn’t have been possible otherwise, and in spite of many difficulties, they were able to work together, to produce plays and skits.Shortly after their marriage, Harin left for London, on his first trip abroad, and a few months later Kamaladevi joined him, where she joined Bedford College, University of London, and later she received a diploma in Sociology.

First Indian woman to be arrested 

In the 1930s, she was arrested for entering the Bombay Stock Exchange to sell packets of contraband salt, and spent almost a year in prison. In 1936, she became president of the Congress Socialist Party, working alongside Jayaprakash Narayan, Ram Manohar Lohia and Minoo Masani. For her, feminism was inseparable from socialism, and where necessary she opposed her own colleagues when they ignored or infringed women’s rights. For instance, when Mahatma Gandhi opposed the inclusion of women in the Dandi March (claiming that Englishmen would not hurt women, just as Hindus would not harm cows), Kamaladevi spoke out against this stand. Some time in the 1920s she and Harindranath separated and divorced by mutual consent; their marriage had largely been one of convenience and they had followed different paths.

When World War II broke out Kamaladevi was in England, and she immediately began a world tour to represent India’s situation to other countries and drum up support for Independence after the war.

The Government of India conferred on her the Padma Bhushan (1955) and later the second highest civilian award, the Padma Vibhushan in 1987, which are among the highest civilian awards of the Republic of India. She also received the Ramon Magsaysay Award (1966) for Community Leadership. She was awarded the Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship, Ratna Sadsya, the highest award of Sangeet Natak Akademi, India's National Academy of Music, Dance and Drama, given for lifetime achievement in 1974,.UNESCO honoured her with an award in 1977 for her contribution towards the promotion of handicrafts. Shantiniketan honoured her with the Desikottama, its highest award. UNIMA (Union Internationals de la Marlonette), International Puppetry organization, also made her their Member of Honour.

In 2007, the Outlook Magazine chose Kamaladevi amongst its list of 60 Great Indians. and she was India Today's, 100 Millennium People.Today, the World Crafts Council gives two awards in her memory, the Kamaladevi Awards and the Kamala Sammaan, for exceptional craft persons or to individual for their outstanding contribution to the field of Crafts.Apart from that the Crafts Council of Karnataka, also gives the Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay Vishwakarma Awards, each year to noteworthy crafts persons.For over three decades now, Bhartiya Natya Sangha has been awarding the 'Kamaladevi Chattopadhyaya Award' for the best play of the year.

Masala Gravy Palak Kofta

Downbeat Bear

Uses of Apple

Thursday, August 18, 2011

First Woman to be accepted as an officer in the Indian Administrative Service.

Isha Basant Joshi (born 31 December 1908) was born Isha Basant Mukand and published books under the name of Esha Joshi. She was the first woman to be accepted as an officer in the Indian Administrative Service. She was also the first "Indian" to be accepted into the "Bastion of the British" school of La Martiniere Girls High School in Lucknow, India.

Mukand was the first Indian girl educated at La Martiniere girls high school and she then went on to study at Isabella Thoburn College and Lucknow University where she obtained an MA.She went on to study in Britain and she claimed the honour of being the first woman to be an officer in the Indian Administrative Service (one of the three key organisations created to organise India as part of the British Empire).

She went on to serve in roles as senior roles in the Ministry of Education as well as editing a magazine before her retirement in 1966.However, she published a number of books under the name of Esha Joshi long after this date.In 2004, it was reported that Joshi, who at that time was a 96 year old childless widow, was being looked after by distant relatives "near a cowshed in the servant quarters of her own palatial mansion in Lucknow". Following media reports, however, she was taken inside.

Fish Pachadi

Muscle Beach Tom

Uses of Banana

Wednesday, August 17, 2011

Indian film Director and Producer based in New York

Mira Nair (born October 15, 1957) is an Indian film director and producer based in New York. Her production company is Mirabai Films.She was educated at Delhi University and Harvard University. Her debut feature film, Salaam Bombay! (1988), won the Golden Camera award at the Cannes Film Festival and also earned the nomination for Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film. She used the proceeds of the film, to establish an organization for street children, called the Salaam Baalak Trust in India.She often works with longtime creative collaborator, screenwriter Sooni Taraporevala, whom she met at Harvard.
She has won a number of awards, including a National Film Award and various international film festival awards, and was a nominee at the Academy Awards, Golden Globes, BAFTA Awards and Filmfare Awards. She was also awarded the India Abroad Person of the Year-2007, which was presented by Indra Nooyi, Chairperson and CEO, PepsiCo, Inc, and India Abroad Person of the Year-2006.Her most recent films included Vanity Fair with Reese Witherspoon, The Namesake, and Amelia.

Mira Nair, a Punjabi, was born in Rourkela, Orissa where her father was employed. She was the youngest of three children from a middle-class family. Her father was a civil servant and her mother a social worker.Mira did her early schooling at a boarding school, Loreto Convent Tara Hall in Shimla, Himachal Pradesh. She studied sociology at Miranda House, Delhi University, where she became involved in political street theater and performed for three years in an amateur drama company. In 1976, at age 19 she left for the US with a scholarship at Harvard University, where she continued her studies in sociology.While at Harvard she met her first husband, photographer Mitch Epstein, as well as her screenwriter, Sooni Taraporevala and gradually moved towards making documentary films.

At the beginning of her career as a film artist, Nair directed four television documentaries. India Cabaret, a film about the lives of strippers in a Bombay nightclub, won the Blue Ribbon award at the 1986 American Film Festival. Salaam Bombay! (1988), with a screenplay by Sooni Taraporevala, was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film and won many other awards. It is today considered a groundbreaking film classic, and is standard fare for film students.

She directed a short film in New York, I Love You, a romantic-drama anthology of love stories set in New York and a 12-minute movie on AIDS awareness (funded by The Gates Foundation) called Migration.Her biographical film Amelia was released in October 2009 to predominantly negative reviews.For several years, Nair was attached to a big-budget adaptation of the novel Shantaram, but the production was shelved in 2009. Nair has also purchased the rights to Mohsin Hamid's 2007 novel The Reluctant Fundamentalist.

Nair lives near Columbia University in New York City where she is an adjunct professor in the Film Division of the School of Arts, and where her husband, Professor Mahmood Mamdani, also teaches.Nair and her husband first met in 1988, when she went to Uganda for the first time to research for the film Mississippi Masala. Nair has been an enthusiastic yoga practitioner for decades; when making a film, she has the cast and crew start the day with a yoga session.Nair has one son named Zohran.

Cauliflower Pachadi

Busy Buddies

Tips for healthy Skin

The beauty of winter skin - Icy winds fades the complexion of your skin. If the skin is dry then minimise the use of soap to as little as possible.
How to get Smooth Skin? - Wet face or wet anywhere on the body, apply a couple of tablespoons of sea salt, then GENTLY massage with a wet washcloth or fingers.
Sunscreen, Biodegradable Sunscreen - It is necessary to wear sunscreen products, even in the dead of winter you should never leave the house without some kind of sun protection.
Anti Aging - While host of potions and procedures promise to keep your skin looking as young as you feel, it can be hard to figure out which ones actually work.
Firming Creams - Skin firming creams helps you make feel remarkably radiant by transforming your complexion.
Chemical Peel - Chemical Peel can reduce or eliminate fine lines under the eyes and around the mouth, correct uneven skin pigmentation, remove precancerous skin growths, and soften acne or treat scars caused by acne.
Night Creams - You don't need to have a medicine cabinet full of creams, sample several and simply pick the best.
Sunless Tanning - The great thing about sunless tanners is that you can apply the product to a specific area, or all over the body, including the face.
Facial Massage - Scrunch up your whole face for a few seconds so that your nose is wrinkled, your forehead furrowed, and your eyes and mouth are tightly closed.
Skin Lightening - Mainly the skin whitening ingredients works in two ways to give you a whiter skin - by absorbing the UV rays, thus preventing the sun from darkening your skin; - by reducing the production of melanin
Sagging Skin - Your genes and the level of sun exposure you've had during your lifetime determine how much you sag.
Glowing Skin - Adequate sleep is a must for good skin. The process of repair and renewal is enhanced during sleep.
Face Masks - Face masks can be like a much needed spring cleaning, it will exfoliate your skin and remove any buildup of sluggish cells.
Facials - Our skin regenerates cells about every three weeks, leading to an accumulation of dead cells. Facials help get rid of them.
Vitamin for Skin - A number of studies reveal that certain vitamins and minerals, when taken internally, can positively influence skin appearance and beauty.
How to use Masques? - Apply masque to cleansed skin and leave on for 10-15 minutes. Remove with a damp face cloth. Finish with toner, serum and moisturizer.

Tuesday, August 16, 2011

First WOMEN SPEAKER of the lok Sabha

Meira Kumar (born March 31, 1945) is an Indian politician and a five time Member of Parliament. She was elected unopposed as the first woman Speaker of Lok Sabha on 3 June 2009.She is a lawyer and a former diplomat. Prior to being a member of the 15th Lok Sabha, she has been elected earlier to the 8th, 11th, 12th and 14th Lok Sabha, wherein she remained Cabinet Minister in the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment (2004–2009).

Meira Kumar was born in the state of Bihar District Patna to the former Deputy Prime Minister and prominent dalit leader, Babu Jagjivan Ram and freedom fighter, Indrani Devi.She did her M.A., LL.B, Educated at Indraprastha College and Miranda House, Delhi University.In 1973, she joined the Indian Foreign Service and served at embassies in Spain, United Kingdom and Mauritius. She also served as a member of the India-Mauritius Joint Commission. While serving for IFS, she also worked in Embassy of India, Madrid from 1976 to 1977. She was at the High Commission of India in London from 1977 to 1979 and at Ministry of External Affairs from 1980 to 1985.

Meira Kumar entered electoral politics in 1985 and was elected from Bijnor in Uttar Pradesh defeating political heavyweights like Ram Vilas Paswan and Mayawati, two powerful dalit leaders. She was a member of the eighth, eleventh and twelfth Lok Sabha's from Karol Bagh in Delhi. She lost her seat in the BJP wave of 1999, but was able to get re-elected with a record majority from her father's former constituency of Sasaram in Bihar in 2004 and 2009.

She served in the Congress-led Government as the Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment from 2004 to 2009. In 2009 she was briefly inducted as member of the cabinet as Union Minister for Water Resources. On being nominated for the position of speaker, she submitted her resignation three days after assuming ministerial office. She was elected the Speaker of Lok Sabha, thereby becoming the first woman speaker of the country.

Meira Kumar is married to Manjul Kumar, a Supreme Court lawyer and they have three children, Anshul, Swati and Devangna.She is a keen sportswoman and holds medals for rifle shooting. She is also a published poet.

Chicken Chettinad

The Egg and Jerry

Tips for Charming Skin

Basic Steps for Skin care Routine - Skin cleansing is the first step for good skin. Dirtpollution, residual makeup, etc. can cause havoc to the skin leading to skin ailments and even hastening of the aging process.
Cleansing your skin - Use facial pore cleansers & scrubs when it comes to caring for your face. Some skin care face cleansers can be considered harsh when it comes to your skin care.
Structure and function of the skin - The general function of skin is to provide an external covering of the body and prevent tissue fluid loss from the body.
Daily Skin Care Routine - The skin of the face needs even more attention than the rest of the body because the face has more oil glands, especially the central forehead, eye areas, nose and chin.
Skin Types - First decide the skin type you have and then find out what is the best way to look after your skin.
Factors that Affect Skin - Many of the factors which affect our skin are under our own control, to some degree. This has never been more true than it is today, since we have access to more knowledge.
Skin Toning - Natural skin toners are benificial in keeping your skin from having different shades of uneven color.
Skin Moisturising - No matter what age you are, no matter what skin type you have, skin moisturizers are very important to your epidermal well-being.
Skin Nourishing - Moist, clear, glowing skin is a sign of good diet, while dry, pale, scaly or oily skin may result when diet is not up to par.
Tips for a Healthy, Glowing Skin - Not only do we subject it to some amount of neglect and abuse, but it is also affected by our diets, habits and lifestyle, as well as exposure to the elements.
Tips on Skin Care for different ages - Beauty by age - The skin is prone to hormonal changes during these years. It results in an outburst of acne. The skin is otherwise supple and firm. It is also inclined to be shiny with open pores and blackheads.
Exfoliation - Exfoliating means whisking away the top layers of dead surface cells from your skin, making it look brighter and feel smoother.

Monday, August 15, 2011

Yogini,Poetess of 18th century

Tarigonda Vengamamba was a poetess and staunch devotee of Lord Venkateswara in the 18th century. She wrote numerous poems and songs.Vengamamba was born into a family of Nandavareeks sect of brahmins in 1730 A.D. Her father was Krishnayamatya and mother was Mangamamba. Since childhood, she was an ardent devotee of Lord Venkateswara and her devotion made the villagers believe that she was insane.

Married at a very early age (common practice in those times), she lost her husband Venkatachalapathi and became a child-widow. However, she refused to accept anyone but the Lord as her husband and continued to dress as a married woman(such as wearing mangalsutra, non-white clothing, bottu/bindi).She studied yoga sciences under Acharya (professor) Subrahmnayudu and became a yogini. As a result, she faced resentment of the local priest in Tarikonda, and shifted to Tirumala. She was welcomed by the priest and descendants of Annamayya, all who had heard of her devotion prior to her move.

Moved by her devotion, it is told that Lord Venkateswara allowed her to enter the temple after temple hours to hear her poems and songs. Venkamamba recited poems and took 'harati' of the Lord each night and paid pearls as fee to the Lord. Observing pearls in the sanctum sanctorum over a period of time, the priests investigation led to Venkamamba. Their punishment was to exile her to a cave in Tumburakona, a distance of 15 miles from Tirumala.

The legend goes on that He created a secret passage from the cave to the temple which was used by Venkamamba to continue her devotional service. The practice of penance and night harati continued for 6 years. Eventually, the priests realized their folly and recognized Venkamamba's devotion and dedication, and requested her to return. Upon return, she was allowed to participate in Ekanta seva and take the final harati of the Lord.The area around her samādhi was later converted into a school with the samadhi still open for pilgrims' worship in the school playground.

Her first poem was Tarigonda Nrusimha Satakam and it was followed by Nrusimha Vilasa Katha, Siva Natakam and Balakrishna Natakam as Yakshaganam and Rajayogamrutha Saram, a Dwipada Kavyam. These works were completed when she was in Tarikonda.On her return to Tirumala from Tumburakona caves, Venkamamba composed Vishnu Parijatham, Chenchu Natakam , Rukmini Natakam and Jala Krida Vilasam and Mukthi Kanthi Vilasam (all Yaksha Ganams), Gopi Natakam (Golla Kalapam-Yakshaganam), Rama Parinayam, Sri Bhagavatham, Sri Krishna Manjari, Tatva Keerthanalu and Vashista Ramayanam (Dwipada), Sri Venkataachala Mahatyam (Padya Prabhandam) and Ashtanga Yoga,Saram (Padyakruthi).Since the Lord accepted Venkamamba's devotion, her harati has been incorporated into Ekanta Seva performed to the Lord each night. A descendent of Venkamamba pays pearls as fee and the harati is called Venkamamba's harati.

The Movie VENGAMAMBA is released in 2009 by Duraiswamy Raju and has Meena Durairaj playing the lead, portraying Vengamamba. M.M.Keeravani rendered Excellent Tunes to Vengamamba Krutis and placed them in Movie. They included the complete Vengamamba Harati in it where one can hear it in this Audio.TTD's Sri Venkateswara Bhakti Channel is telecasting a tele serial named "TARIGONDA VENGAMAMBA", on the life and times of Vengamamba. The serial is produced by Duraiswamy Raju and has Meena Durairaj playing the lead, portraying Vengamamba.This tele serial has been received excellent response, and stands next to Siva Narayana Teerthulu, which has K. Viswanath playing the lead and K.Raghavendra Rao's Shrushti, which are also being telecasted on TTD's Sri Venkateswara Bhakti Channel.


The Flying Sorceress

Amla Uses